International coordinator




Phone: +47 62430870

Fax: +47 62 43 08 51


Mailing address:

Hedmark University College

Faculty of Forestry and Wildlife Management

Campus Evenstad

NO-2480 Koppang


Barbara Zimmermann

Research interests:

My main research interests are resource selection by animals and predation ecology. I am mostly working with analysis of data from GPS-collared wolves, moose and red deer within the framework of the Scandinavian wolf research project SKANDULV, and red deer projects in Hedmark county as well as at the west coast of Norway.

Gråfjell male wolf with GPS


6SU120 Ecology (10 ECTS, undergraduate, Norwegian)

6SU322 Wildlife and habitat monitoring (3 ECTS, graduate, English)

6SU189 Practice in wildlife research (10 ECTS, undergraduate, English)


As international coordinator at campus Evenstad, I am responsible to enhance student and staff exchange. We have many partner universities within the ERASMUS and NORDPLUS framework as well as bilateral agreements with universities of other parts of the world. Our English Master program and undergraduate courses attract students from all over the world. Find out more about our international campus on the web site. I am also coordinating the Nordplus network NORDNATUR.


Selected publications:

Sand, H., Vucetich, J.A., Zimmermann, B., Wabakken, P., Wikenros, C., Pedersen, H.C., Peterson, R.O., Liberg, O. Assessing the influence of prey-predator ratio, prey age structure and packs size on wolf kill rates. Accepted for publication in Oikos.

Mysterud, A., Loe, L.E., Zimmermann, B., Bischof, R., Veiberg, V., Meisingset, E. 2011. Partial migration in expanding red deer populations at northern latitudes – a role for density dependence? Oikos: in press.

Gervasi, V., Nilsen, E.B., Sand, H., Panzacchi, M., Rauset, G.R., Pedersen, H.C., Kindberg, J., Wabakken, P., Zimmermann, B., Odden, J., Liberg, O., Swenson, J.E., Linnell, J.D.C. 2011. Predicting the potential demographic impact of predators on their prey: a comparative analysis of two carnivore-ungulate systems in Scandinavia. Journal of Animal Ecology doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01928.x.

Eriksen, A., Wabakken, P., Zimmermann, B., Andreassen, H.P., Arnemo, J., Gundersen, H., Liberg, O., Linnell, J.D., Milner, J.M., Pedersen, H.C., Sand, H., Solberg, E.J., and Storaas, T. 2011. Activity patterns of predator and prey: a simultaneous study of GPS-collared wolves and moose. Animal Behaviour 81. 423-431. 

Merrill, E., Sand, H., Zimmermann, B., McPhee, H., Webb, N., Hebblewhite, M., Wabakken, P., Frair, J.L. 2010. Building a mechanistic understanding of predation with GPS-based movement data. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365. 2279-2288.

May, R., van Dijk, J., Wabakken, P., Swenson, J.E., Linnell, J.D.C., Zimmermann, B., Odden, J., Pedersen, H.C., Andersen, R., Landa, A. 2008. Habitat differentiation within the large-carnivore community of Norway's multiple-use landscapes. Journal of Applied Ecology 45 (5): 1382-1391. pdf

Sand, H., Wabakken, P., Zimmermann, B., Johansson, Ö., Pedersen, H.C., Liberg, O. 2008. Summer kill rates and predation pattern in a wolf-moose system: can we rely on winter estimates? Oecologia 156 (1): 53-64.

Eriksen, A., Wabakken, P., Zimmermann, B., Andreassen, H.P., Arnemo, J., Gundersen, H., Milner, J.M., Liberg, O., Linnell, J.D., Pedersen, H.C., Sand, H., Solberg, E.J., and Storaas, T. 2008. Encounter frequencies between GPS-collared wolves (Canis lupus) and moose (Alces alces) in a Scandinavian wolf territory. Ecological Research. (DOI: 10.1007/s11284-008-0525-x).

Gundersen, H., Solberg, E.J., Wabakken, P., Storaas, T., Zimmermann, B., Andreassen, H.A. 2008. Three approaches to estimate wolf Canis lupus predation rates on moose Alces alces populations. European Journal of Wildlife Research 54: 335-346. pdf

Zimmermann, B., Wabakken, P., Sand, H., Pedersen, H.C. & Liberg, O. 2007. Wolf movement patterns: a key to estimation of kill rates? Journal of Wildlife Management 71(4): 1177-1182. pdf

Wabakken, P., Sand, H., Kojola, I., Zimmermann, B., Arnemo, J.M., Pedersen, H.C., Liberg, O. 2007. Multi-stage, long-range natal dispersal by a GPS-collared Scandinavian wolf. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(5): 1631-1634. pdf

Sand, H., Zimmermann, B., Wabakken, P., Andrén, H. & Pedersen, H. C. 2005 Using GPS technology and GIS cluster analyses to estimate kill rates in wolf-ungulate ecosystems. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33, 914-925. pdf

Schulz, F., Zimmermann, B., Torkler, F., Rieger, S. & Storaas, T. 2005 Auswirkung von Vegetationsräumung auf Kollisionen von Elchen mit Zügen in Südostnorwegen. In Beiträge für die Forstwirtschaft. 39, 25-29.

Zimmermann, B., Wabakken, P., Dötterer, M. 2003. Brown bear - livestock conflicts in a bear conservation zone in Norway: are cattle a good alternative to sheep? Ursus 14(1). 72-83. pdf

Hellborg, L., Walker, C.W., Rueness, E.K., Stacy, J.E., Kojola, I., Vilà, C., Zimmermann, B., Valdmann, H., Jakobsen, K.S., Ellegren, H. 2002. Differentiation and levels of genetic variation in northern European lynx (Lynx lynx) populations revealed by microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA analysis. Conservation Genetics 3: 97-111. pdf

Zimmermann, B., Wabakken, P., Dötterer, M. 2001. Human-carnivore interactions in Norway: How does the re-appearance of large carnivores affect people’s attitudes and levels of fear? For. Snow Landsc. Res. 76: 137-153. pdf

Zimmermann, B., Storaas, T., Wabakken, P., Nicolaysen, K., Steinset, O.K., Dötterer, M., Gundersen, H., Andreassen, H.P. 2001. GPS collars with remote download facilities, for studying the economics of moose hunting and moose-wolf interactions. Proceedings of the international conference ‘Tracking Animals with GPS’, 12-13 March 2001, Aberdeen UK, 33-38. pdf

Strand, O., Landa, A., Linnell, J.D.C., Zimmermann, B., Skogland, T. 2000. Social organization and parental behaviour in the arctic fox. J. Mamm. 81,1: 223-233.

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