Professor

 

E-mail: christina.skarpe@hihm.no

Phone: +47 62430835

Fax: +47 62430851

 

Mailing address:

Hedmark University College

Faculty of Forestry and Wildlife Management

Campus Evenstad

NO-2480 Koppang

Norway

 

 

Research interests:

My main research interests concern interactions between large terrestrial herbivores on the one hand and plants (particularly woody plants), vegetation and ecosystem processes on the other. Heterogeneity of such interactive systems in space and time and the dynamics induced by global drivers such as climate, and changing land use patterns become increasingly important aspects. I have most experience from African savannas, but also from Central America, the steppic areas of China and arctic Spitsbergen. Recently grazing in the mountains and browsing by moose in the forests of Norway have taken an increasing part of my interest.

 

 
Elefanter Skarpe

Teaching:

I have two courses, the one on Tropical Wildlife: Ecology, Management and Utilization, running every second year and including a one month excursion to Tanzania. The other course is on Multivariate Statistics using the CANOCO 5 program.

 
   

Selected projects:

  • Ecology of savanna heterogeneity and mammalian herbivores – Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), Hedmark University College, 2004-
  • Bio-engineering multi-functional silvopastoral landscapes: A case study in Nicaragua (SILPAS) In cooperation with Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), University for Life Sciences (UMB), Centre for Tropical Agricultural Research and Education (CATIE), Fundación Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo (CEAM) – The Research Council of Norway 2009-2013; participant
  • Functional Diversity: An ecological framework for sustainable and adaptable agro-forestry systems in landscapes of semi-arid and arid eco-regions (FUNCITree) Cooperation between Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE), Wageningen University (WUR), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC), Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherhé Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD), Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles (ISRA) & Institut d’Economie Rurale (IER), EU 2009-2013; participant
  • Effects of browsing and season on defense and growth of selected woody species at the Nkuhlu exclosure, Kruger National Park, South Africa. In cooperation with University of Zululand (UZ) and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), National Research Foundation, Swedish Research Council, Swedish International Development Co-operation Agency (SIDA) 2005-2008; participant
  • Tops and branches from forestry as moose feed With Glommen Skog AS (Glommen Skog AS & Hedmark University College) 2007-2008; Scientific leader
  • Mammalian herbivore communities and their food plants; a comparative approach - Scandinavia - Kamchatka In cooperation with Swedish University for Agricultural Sciences (Umeå) (Swedish Polar Secretariat) 2008; participant

 

Refereed publications since 2004 (author names in italics are persons supervised by me):

Mathisen, K.M., Milner, J.M., van Best, F.M. & Skarpe, C. -  Long-term effects of supplementary feeding of moose on browsing impact at a landscape scale. Forest Ecology and Management(in press)

 

Scogings, P., Hjältèn, J., Skarpe., C., Hattas, D., Zobolo, A., Dziba, L. & Rooke, T. 2013, Nutrient and secondary metabolite concentrations in a savanna are independently affected by large herbivores and shoot growth rate. Plant Ecology(in press)

 

Nelson P.A., Ibrahim, M., Villanueva, C., Skarpe, C., Guerin, H.,  2013, Diversidad forrajera tropical. 1. Selección y uso de leñosas forrajeras en sistemas de alimentación ganadera para zonas secas de Nicaragua. Agroforestería en las Ameréricas 50: 37-43

 

Nelson P.A., Ibrahim, M., Villanueva, C., Skarpe, C. & Guerin H. 2013. Diversidad forrajera tropical. 2. Rasgos funcionales que determinan la calidad nutricional y preferencia de leñosas forrajeras para su inclusión en sistemas de alimentación ganadera en zonas secas. Agroforestería en las Ameréricas 50: 44 -52

 

Lombo, D., Ibrahim, M., Villanueva, C.,  Benjamin, T. & Skarpe C. 2013. Disponibilidad de biomasa y capacidad de rebrote de leñosas forrajeras en potreros del trópico seco de Nicaragua Efectos de las rasgos morfológicos y ecofilógicos de árboles neotropicales en la transferencia de agua y nutrientes al sueloAgroforestería en las Ameréricas 50: 62-68

 

García, F., Pezo. D., Casanoves, C., Ibrahim, M. & Skarpe, C. 2013. Estrés calórico en ganado de doble propósito bajo pastoreo, en función del nivel de cobertura arbórea en potrerosAgroforestería en las Ameréricas 50: 76-84

 

Pedersen, S., Andreassen, H.P., Keith, D.A., Skarpe, C., Dickman, C.R., Gordon, I.J., Crowther, M.S. & McArthur, C. 2013 Relationships between native small mammals and native and introduced large herbivores. Austral Ecology(in press)

 

Scogings, P.F., Hjältén, J. & Skarpe, C. 2013. Does large herbivore removal affect secondary metabolites, nutrients and shoot length in woody species in semi-arid savannas? Journal of Arid Environments 88: 4-8

 

Saetnan, E.R., Skarpe, C & Batzli, G.O. 2012. Do sheep affect vole populations in alpine meadows of central Norway? Journal of Mammalogy, 93: 1283-1291

 

Skarpe, C. ,Bergström, R., Danell, K.,Eriksson, H. &Kunz, C.2012. Of goats and spines – a feeding experiment.African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 29: 37-41

 

Ainsworth, J.A.W., Moe, S.R. & Skarpe, C. 2012 Pasture shade and farm management effects on cow productivity in the tropics. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 155: 105-110

 

Scogings, P., Hjältén, J. & Skarpe, C. 2011. Secondary metabolites and nutrients of woody plants in relation to browsing intensity in African savanna. Oecologia 167: 1063-1073

 

Pedersen, S., Andreassen, H.P., Persson, I-L., Julkunen-Tiitto, R., Danell, K. & Skarpe, C. 2011. Vole preference of bilberry along gradients of simulated moose density and plant productivity. Integrative Zoology 6: 341-351

 

Mathisen, K.M. & Skarpe, C. 2011. Cascading effects of moose (Alces alces) management on passerine birds, Ecological Research 26: 563-574

 

Bjørneraas, K., Solberg, E.J., Herfindal, I., van Moorter, B., Rolandsen, C.M. Tremblay, J-P., Skarpe, C. Saether, B-E. 2011. Moose habitat utilisation at multiple temporal scales in a  human-altered landscape. Wildlife Biology 17: 1-11.

 

Aarrestad, P.A., Masunga, G.S., Hytteborn, H., Pitlagano, M.L., Marokane, W. & Skarpe, C. 2011 Influence of soil, tree cover and large herbivores on field layer vegetation along a landscape gradient in Chobe National Park, Northern Botswana. Journal of Arid Environments 75: 290-297

 

Van Best, F.M., Gundersen, H., Mathisen, K.M., Milner, J.M. & Skarpe, C. 2010 Long-term browsing impact around diversionary feeding stations foe moose in southern Norway. Forest Ecology and Management 259: 1900-1911

 

Kalwij, J.M., de Boer, W.F., Mucina, L. Prins H.H.T., Skarpe, C. & Winterbach C. 2010. Tree cover and biomass  increase in a southern African savanna despite growing elephant population. Ecological Applications 20: 222-233

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